Code of Conduct and Effective Leadership (one to two pages)
In LEA316: Ethics in Law Enforcement, you wrote a final paper
analyzing ethical theories and your moral beliefs. Drawing upon your
research for this paper and the topics covered in this capstone, write a
code of conduct that you think every police officer should follow.
Then, explain how this code of conduct promotes good leadership and
integrity in law enforcement officers. Community Development Plan (six to eight pages)
You are the leader of your agency s planning and research division
and have been asked to present a critical analysis of policing as it
will appear ten years into the future. Write a report based on
peer-reviewed research. Refer to the Community Development Plan Instructions for the required
Code of Conduct and Effective
Leadership (one to two pages)
In LEA316: Ethics in Law Enforcement, you wrote a final paper analyzing
ethical theories and your moral beliefs. Drawing upon your research for
this paper and the topics covered in this capstone, write a code of conduct
that you think every police officer should follow. Then, explain how this code
of conduct promotes good leadership and integrity in law enforcement officers.The paper is below
Community Development Plan (six to eight pages)
Below is the final paper for LEA 316
and social disorder are the inevitable traits of a dysfunctional surrounding
that is potentially plagued with misguided choices, thus, resulting in a
preconceived notion in with ethics and morality may be absent. From law
enforcement practitioners such as criminologist and criminal of varies degrees,
conceptualized, social theorist have provided tools, techniques, and methods
that will explain the relational function of individuals actionable results.
Additionally, it is understood that although the method of implemented theories
provide methods of uncovering criminal intentions and behaviors, critics have
found their way in for the simplicity of scrutinizing directional criminal
justice theories. Throughout this course, theories have covered the issues and
concerns associated with social influences and individualized human behaviors.
The outline through this project will be theories such as the Divine Command
Theory and the Virtual Ethics theory, the correlation between these two
theories, as well as the differences that critics conceive. Crime is the
derivative of opportunity and social settings, thus, what to do when no one s
looking becomes the ethical and moral questionings within one s own dilemma.
controlling criminal intentions and behaviors has become more scientifically
understood throughout the history of law enforcement developments and
structuring s. Law enforcement has endured many conceptualized and theorized
ideologies that have transformed the way law practitioners evaluate and analyze
characteristic behaviors. Law practitioners have developed theories that would
allow for the development of retributive and restorative methods for combative
law enforcement policies, practices, and criminal act interpretation. For
example, individuals that display characteristics of either virtual ethics
and/or Divine Command concepts will produce behavioral functions that are
dutiful, appropriate, and ethical. What makes individuals do the right things,
what motivates people to do the right thing, is it a belief system and if so,
where does their chosen concepts derive from? These will be some of the
questions that this paper will attempt to uncover. Although theories present
viable methods and techniques of understanding individual characteristics, law
performance practitioner and policy makers will gain the opportunity of
constructing productive polices and legislative enactments. Depending on the
criminal act that is being investigated, law enforcement will utilize certain
techniques to uncover such dysfunctional social outcomes.
purpose of this outline, the focus will be on the chosen ethical theories and
the comparative functions that each contributes to the understanding of human
behaviors within the criminal justice system. Criminal Justice Theories has
provided much insight into the formulated concepts of understanding motives
behind human characteristic that permeates criminal activities (Greg Mantle,
2014, pp. 2-36). As a result to the developmental approach to understanding
human behaviors and criminal intentions, theories such as Divine Command,
Virtual Ethics, and other theories in which criminologist will develop and
hypothesize. As a result of the many developed theories that have been
formulated by criminal justice practitioners, understanding the correlation
between crime and deviant behaviors. For example, theories that have been
concocted will uncover the subconscious decision that was made and/or that
generated such choices to commit criminal acts. Additionally, to explain and
understand crime, criminologists have created integrated theories that uncover
the unicausal for all serious criminal aces. What this shows is that crime can
be understood by understanding criminal behaviors and their triggering
precursors. Although theories have existed for many decades, new concepts
and theories constantly emerge when challenging deviant criminal acts occur.
Command Theory Concept #1
Command Theory evaluates the possible connections between religion, ethics and
its correlation of morals that are generated by the ideological understandings
of religious connections (Drummond Young, 2013, pp. 83-95). Divine Command
Theory is essentially the practice of following the lord s word through the
actions that we display. Divine Command Theory s developmental concept is that
of spiritual guidance, living a humble existence, as well as helping others
when the time arrives without expecting things in return. According to the
Divine Command Theory, individuals must adhere with the word that is written within
the bible as a means of developing their own personal and/or professional
actions that promotes wellness and togetherness. Through the Divine Command
concept and theory, acceptable ethics may be effectively instilled within ones
daily actions and choices. This is the optional choice for many Americans
belief systems, from different religious formalities that generate and promotes
growth from within to that of criminal that utilized the same mentality,
without theories, distinguishing their motive, ethics, and morals become
extremely difficult to understand and/or hypothesize.
ethics within the Divine Command Theory are supplied with through the
theoretical framework and concept. It is mentioned that ethic within this
theory drives from ones self-awareness of a purposeful life through the writing
of God. Furthermore, the primary ethical implications of this theoretical
approach are that of unselfishness acts, words of encouragements, as well as
the ability to propel others to do the right thing in life. Additionally,
ethical practice eventually instills one morality through acceptance and
addition to the ethical principles mentioned above, Divine Command theory
provides individuals that the distinct and absolute behaviors associated with
doing the right thing. To do the right thing without expecting things in return
is not human nature , we tend to seek out things that reward us for our
efforts, however, Divine Command Theory is absolute the opposite. Morality is
the just behavioral outcome of someone that cares, is compassionate and
understanding, as well as open and honest. Despite the goodness of Divine
Command Theory provides critics will always have something to say, it is the
ethical understanding of our existence to agree by disagreeing.
opposing views have the conceptualized ideology those individuals that practice
this theory. One example is that of questioning the acts of an individual for
example, are their acts moral of obligatory under the word of God. This
questions points a few interesting ideas such as the right thing, did it
generate ethics, and was it encompassed the religious practices and standards.
Although critic may claim otherwise, that is ok because not everyone will see
the same thing in the same manner.
Ethics Concept #2
Ethics has been identified and considered as a theoretical concept that
emphasizes the moral character in contrast to duties or rules (Manuel
Velasquez, 2014). Understand how individual human behaviors derive from virtual
ethics can be explained by correlating moral principles with actions of
behaviors. These observation allow law performance practitioner is develop
answers to questions such as interpretations of people’s actions, why
people do what they are doing, as well as conceptualizing attitudes. Virtue
ethics are developed through learning and t practice, thus, motivations for
doing the right thing must derive from some type of belief system in which the
individual will utilize as forms of guidance. Conceptualized theories that
become implanted within the criminal justice system ensure that law enforcement
practitioners and criminal alike have the ability to make rational choices that
may led to either ration and or irrational actions.
to authors Manuel Velasquez, Claire Andre, Thomas Shanks, S.J., and Michael J.
Meyer, at the heart of the virtue approach to ethics is the idea of
“community” (Manuel Velasquez, 2014). The primary function of within
this model is to answer the primitive question of examining the implications of
moral principles that derive from the standards we have created within our
lives. Virtual ethics was developed with the intentions of providing
individuals with the conceptualized purpose of social obligation, achieving the
greatest good for the greatest number of involved participants, as well as
forming the moral actions for conducting their behaviors.
within virtual ethics is the derivative of one own conceptualized ideology in
which they have conceived as correct or right . Similar to that of Divine
Command, Virtual Ethics includes characteristics that display of honesty or
generosity as a willing and reasonable way of existing. Furthermore, the concept
also derives from a personal perception of Virtual Ethics and how that may
manifest into their guiding principles, their motivational presences, and their
behavior displacement. Although an effective concept when considering
individual characteristics, opposing views also have conceivable concepts.
views find that individual that implement virtual ethics is simply consider
themselves before placing others fist. Another concept that has been debated is
whether or not the individual actually possess these characteristics and/or
utilizing them for a different purpose, At this point, critics point out
fallacies in the characteristics of such individuals that include self-centered
concepts, motivated by rewards, and is not actually moral when considering
ethical perceptive. Critics have substantiating points that cannot be
overlooked, yet, it does not mean that either side is correct and/or even
wrong. What is inevitable is that not all theories will apply to all behavioral
and difference can be observed between Divine Command Theory and Virtual Ethics
Theory. For example, Divine Command Theory is heavy rooted within the religious
encompassing of nurture and nature through the word of God. On the other hand,
Virtual Ethics derives from the individual themselves, not from their actions,
and includes an inward concept as opposed to an outward prosoma as Divine
Command Theory provides. Each also provides the individual with the ability to
conceive their actions as right and/or wrong while preserving the interest of
that individual. The ideologies that have been formulated is centered and
structured on a belief system in which individuals are guided by and
influencing their actions. The ethical concerns derive form intentions and
motivations within both of the theories, however, although each provides the
individual with a particular perceptive, self-interest is often credited as the
ethical issues. Doing the right or wrong things derives from the concepts
perception, however, each mentioned theory give people the stepping stone for
treating each other correctly, respectfully, and in a non-discriminative
manner. What is morality, is it the conceived results prior to their actions, or,
is it the unobservable intentions that are attached to the reward system that
generates a particular choice within that given circumstance/s, which leads to
theories about human behaviors, intentions, and motivations. How to live life
and by which means does life become ethical and moral?
the ability to effectively incorporate acceptable social behaviors can be
contributed to the ideology in which Divine Command Theory provides.
Furthermore, the belief system has been developed through the family dynamics
and religious practices. The most inspirational aspect of the Divine Command
Theory is that it aligns with our core beliefs of thinking of others first,
humbling yourself through acts of random kindness, as well as the implementation
of the lords vocal guidance. As a result of our personal developments through
religious understanding, we provide ourselves with the ability to project
encouragement through actions and word s. Additionally, this perceptive allows
individual to treat each other with respect, affection, and emotions in a
manner that does not expect favors in return. What this shows is the although
many may not practice religious beliefs and/or instill it within themselves,
for many, it is a viable and productive way of guiding ones actions will
increasing the beneficial properties for others. Although Divine Command is not
accepted, practices, and/or believed in, those whom are not familiar with such
concepts also find encouragement through these words. Regardless what chosen
method individuals and/or law enforcements practitioners practices, critics
claim that this method is not acceptable for the criminal justice field. Each
theory generates a perception that may either motivate actions of criminal
behaviors as each also provides methods of rewards through differentiated
situations in which opportunities are raised. Theories generate ideas which in
turn generates concepts, which in turn formulates plans of actions, yet, even
with the right intentions, actions themselves could be unethical depending on
the personal concepts and perceptions (Brock Bastian, 2013, pp. 1-10).
concepts and direction of the United States Law Enforcement is built upon
theoretical implementations, allowing law enforcement practitioners to
conceive, conceptualize, and hypothesize the complexity of human behaviors.
Criminal Justice theories cover just about every facet of human living
behaviors. For example, theories such as classical, biological,
psychological/psychiatric, social process, social structure, ands social
conflict theories. With a host well-developed theories which also include Divine
Command and Virtual Ethics, law practitioner are awarded the techniques and
scientific tools that provide insight data into the development of human
behaviors that are fostered by different social impacts. Additionally, as a
result of theoretical concepts and theory implications, law enforcement and
policy makers are forwarded the ability to develop effective and efficient
legislations, resulting in the inception of new laws, regulations, and/or city
ordinances and statues. What this shows is that as a result of legislative
enactments generated by criminal practitioner, social implications can be
further understood as the continued evaluations of human behaviors flourishes.
Although criminal behaviors have evolved throughout the history of law
enforcement, creative concepts generating theories concepts have also parallel
that of crime. The quintessential function of theoretical concepts within the
criminal justice system is to develop fundamental skills for law practitioner
for the beneficial functions of social policies (Schmalleger, 2009, pp. 19-20).
Brock Bastian, T. F. (2013, April 1st). The Roles of
Dehumanization and Moral Outrage in Retributive
Justice. . Ebsco Host, pp. 1-10.
Drummond Young, E. (2013, April 1st). God’s moral goodness
and supererogation. Ebsco Host, pp.
Greg Mantle, D. F. (2014, Aug. 3rd). Restrotive Justice and Three Individual Theories of Crime. Retrieved from United States
Department of Justice: %20Restorative%20Justice.pdf
Manuel Velasquez, C. A.-S. (2014, Aug. 3rd). Ethics and Virtue. Retrieved from
Santa Clara University:
Schmalleger, F. (2009). Criminiology and Social Policy. In
F. Schmalleger, Criminology Today: An
Intergrative Introduction (pp. 19-20). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice
the community development plan has to have the questions below
Community Development Plan
Instructions (six to eight pages needs to answer
You are the leader of your agency s
planning and research division and have been asked to present a
critical analysis of policing as it
will appear ten years into the future. Write a report based on peer
You must include the following
components in your Community Development Plan:
What types of individuals would you
What type of education or experience
would be required? Why?
What type of training would be
What type of ethical training would
be needed? Why?
What type of leadership training
will be needed? How will this be implemented?
How would you define and describe
the current need for succession planning for future police
leadership, and what can
agencies and individuals do to meet
Why is it important for police
leaders to study the future, and what approaches have been
adopted by Police Futurists
International for this purposeThis was the response for the help you gave with the outlinealthough some portions need to be brushed up a bit.
First, make certain that you refer to
the CDP in both your introduction and conclusion; there was no
mention of it in either. Your body paragraphs were solid in addressing
one of the topics: recruitment. Good detail with solid source support.
Several errors noted throughout that might have been caught through more
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